The first Image clicked when we hear of Banaras is Worship. Essence with history, God’s own land is the heart of India, the ethnicity speaks of culture, bound with hospitable people and places of serene mindfulness. With such description the attention shifts to the textile and clothing industry, and Banaras holds a very strong stand in providing excellent prowess environment for textured fabric and silk used in the famous sarees dating back to the implacable ancient age of India, which without doubt is still carried simultaneously with the introduction of modern era, the list of banarasi fabric and silk is continuous with new exploration and threading ideas, given below are likewise a counting of most famously used and subtly manufactured banarasi silk and fabric.
Cotton / silk:
Cotton silk clothes are lightweight and silky. It is the combination of silk and cotton. Where silkworms are cultured to obtain silk, cotton is produced from cotton plants. Cotton silk fabric are comfortable and sustainably used especially in the massive weaving of garments.
Tussar silk :
Tussar Silk , also often referred to as Wild Silk, Tassar Silk, or Tusar Silk is an exquisite thread obtained from a wide winged moth that is yellowish-brown in colour.
Tussar silk is considered silkier than cultivated Bombyx or “mulberry” silk, but it has shorter fibres, which makes it less durable. It has a dull gold sheen. The use of tussar silk in garments is undertaking since it has rich coarse texture which makes it comfortable, considered to be spontaneous for summers Mostly used to produce apparels for Indian Women.
Tussar silk product is also used as the base material for handicrafts, furnishing fabrics. With the introduction of chemical dyes, the range of available colors has raised significantly, increasing its variable addition to garment making.
Tussar/ Moonga silk:
Tussar/ moonga silk has motifs in the extraordinary kadhua weave in gold and silver zari and delicate combination of shades. The elaborate and laborious Kadwa (Kadhua) technique involves hand-weaving each motif separately. Taking longer on the handloom yet beautifully textured and naturally golden-hued Monga silk. The fabric is indeed the treasure of Banarasi saree, which elaborates the rich demands and purchase.
Tussar silk/ Cotton:
Tussar cotton silk is smooth textured and has a perfect finish with these two features present, the fabric is widely demanded in handloom industries. The offered Tussar Cotton Fabric is available in wide range of colors, lengths and patterns.
Tussar / Spun silk:
Tussar/ spun fabric are completely handwoven on a frame loom. The yarns and threads used for this fabric is Tussar and spun silk. Handwoven fabrics have totally different texture then mill made fabrics. It is due to the low weaving speed and the equipment used for weaving that determine the thickness and quality of the yarn. It is these texture that helps in creating distinct handloom fabrics. Yarn dyeing is a process of dyeing yarn in different colours. It is a crucial pre-loom activity. The dyes used are natural for this fabric. Natural dyes are the dyes that use extracts from nature. It can be from bark of trees, insects, flowers, minerals, rust, vegetables, plants and other natural materials.
Moonga silk is indigenously produced in Assam, which is famous for its richness in durability and yellowish-golden tincture. ‘Moonga’ means yellowish in Assamese, hence the name. It is organic, natural and has one of the strongest natural fibre, it is made from the Muga silkworm, it is very expansive since its production takes a grilling care, therefore is achieved with skilled technique. Muga silk can be dyed after bleaching. This silk can be hand-washed with its lustre increasing after every wash. The royal silk is also now used in the production banarasi saree and is considered to be the most beautiful asset.
Mercerised cotton/silk cotton:
Mercerisation is a textile finishing treatment for cellulose fabric and yarn, mainly cotton and flax, which improves dye uptake and tear strength, reduces fabric shrinkage, and imparts a silk-like lustre. The process was devised about 1844 by John Mercer. Mercerised fabric is given silk-like lustre and are now produced by tension and was discovered by Horace Lowe in 1890.
The improved lustre of mercerised cotton is due to the production of nearly circular cotton fibres under tension. Another characteristic feature is the untwisting of the cotton hair. In dry mercerization, the process is carried out while drying the fabric on a stenter. The discovery proved to be a gain in the field of silk and fabric production, improving the quality of the fabric even more and meeting the needs of a huge supply, mostly in the manufacturing of silk followed by the flow chart of making sarees and other products.
Banaras silk and fabric is indeed a variety of not only self-indigenous set ups, but also involves the meeting of needs through transport, sorting what is best, agile and liable. The silk is finely woven and are decorated with intricate design. Fabric is gold work, achieved with compact weaving and is spun into mostly Banarasi saris.
Ralph Fitch (1583–91) describes Banaras as a thriving sector of the cotton textile industry. The earliest mention of the brocade and Zari textiles of Banaras is found in the 19th century. With the migration of silk weavers from Gujarat during the famine of 1603, it is likely that silk brocade weaving started in Banaras in the seventeenth century and developed in excellence during the 18th and 19th century. During the Mughal period, around 14th century, weaving of brocades with intricate designs using gold and silver threads became the speciality of Banaras.
In summation, the Heritage of Banaras is visible in the history itself, which flows throughout the motifs mostly imprinted in the silk fabric, collaborating the time frame flourishing in memorial of ancestorial skilled art and modern ingenious endeavours. Banarasi silk and fabric interwind the soulful bliss of unique techniques processed in the production, assembled to commemorate the talent of the artisans and the influence of luxurious tradition. Here, Weaves To Wear, are committed to avail best and high quality Indian Wear Clothing.